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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.38

2023, Vol. 10, Issue 5, Part D

Cervical spinal cord injuries: A comprehensive review of pathophysiology and quality of life


Author(s): Evgenia Trevlaki, Efthalia Panagiotopoulou, Euaggelia Zarra, Alexandra Xristara-Papadopoulou, Emmanouil Trevlakis and Anna Chalkia

Abstract:
Background: Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries (CSCIs) are a significant and complex health issue with profound implications for individuals affected by them. These injuries occur as a result of trauma or damage to the spinal cord in the cervical region, leading to various neurological impairments and functional limitations. Understanding the causes, mechanisms, and consequences of CSCIs is crucial for developing effective treatment strategies, rehabilitation approaches, and support systems to improve the outcomes and quality of life for those affected by these debilitating injuries.
Methodology: This review adhered to the PRISMA guidelines. An international research effort was conducted using databases such as PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google Scholar. The search encompassed various types of research studies focusing on SCI in both Greek and English languages.
Results: The comprehensive search yielded 430 publications, which were subsequently narrowed down to 46 articles after a rigorous selection process. These articles were categorized into two distinct groups, addressing the impact of Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI) on individuals and exploring the mechanisms and frequency of such injuries.
Conclusions: The findings revealed that contact sports and traffic accidents were the primary causes of various types of injuries, including atlanto-axial rotatory hyperextension, apical and medial odontoid fractures, and body fractures. With advancements in medical science and a better understanding of spinal biomechanics, healthcare professionals can now diagnose and treat SCI injuries more effectively. Early detection of both the injury and its effects on patient health has become feasible, making it less challenging to manage.


Pages: 221-227  |  153 Views  60 Downloads

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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
How to cite this article:
Evgenia Trevlaki, Efthalia Panagiotopoulou, Euaggelia Zarra, Alexandra Xristara-Papadopoulou, Emmanouil Trevlakis, Anna Chalkia. Cervical spinal cord injuries: A comprehensive review of pathophysiology and quality of life. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2023;10(5):221-227.

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