Effectiveness of heat and cold therapy in muscle spasm: A review
Author(s): Debasis Behera and Archana Shetty
Abstract: Muscle spasms are involuntary, prolonged hypertonicities of one or more muscles that are frequently accompanied by pain and irritability. Clinical therapists employ a variety of treatment modalities as well as manual therapy techniques to treat muscle spasm. Thermotherapy and cryotherapy are often valuable in the treatment of pain, inflammation, and muscle spasm. Knowledge of their unique indications and contraindications are essentials for the safe use of different modalities. Understanding the physiological consequences of heat and cold is necessary for selecting a method of application. The size of the area to be treated, convenience of application, affordability, and duration of application and depth of penetration are just a few of the variables that influence which thermal modality is selected. The major intention of this study is to identify the effectiveness of heat and cold therapy in reducing muscle spasm.