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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.38

2022, Vol. 9, Issue 6, Part F

Effectiveness of Otago exercise program in reducing fall among elderly living in old age home


Author(s): Sajitha KU, KS Sharad and R Rejeesh Kumar

Abstract:
Background and Objectives
Falls are one of the major problems in the elderly and are considered one of the “Geriatric Giants”. Recurrent falls are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. In developed countries, one in every three older adults aged 65years and above fall every year. Injuries resulting in decreased mobility and independence will occur in 20 - 30%of those who falls. The aged in Kerala constitute 11% of the population. The Kerala Ageing survey, conducted among more than 5000 elderly in 14 districts of Kerala, was the keystone of study. The result of the survey have shown that the age of participants ranged from 60 to over 100 years of age with 54% being women. The result of the study show that falls and fractures are a significant issue among older adults. There is an increase in older population due to high life expectancy and increased life span. Fall related injuries are common, result in considerable health care utilization and are a major cause of long term pain and functional impairments among older adults. The risk factors include:
1. Biological risk factors
Muscle weakness or balance problems
Medication side effects
Chronic health conditions like arthritis and stroke
2. Behavioral risk factors
Inactivity
Alcohol use
3. Environmental risk factors
Poor lighting
Lack of stair railing
Lack of grab bars inside and outside the tub or shower
Poor designed public places
Fall related injuries may eventually result in many long term complications like pressure ulcer, hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), urinary tract infections, and lower extremity venous thromboembolism (VTE) and even disability or deaths, especially in patients with comorbidity.


Pages: 393-401  |  177 Views  48 Downloads

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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
How to cite this article:
Sajitha KU, KS Sharad, R Rejeesh Kumar. Effectiveness of Otago exercise program in reducing fall among elderly living in old age home. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2022;9(6):393-401.

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