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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

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"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2021, Vol. 8, Issue 4, Part D

Effect of physical exercise and yoga practices on muscular endurance self-confidence and blood pressure


Author(s): Shivaraya Bhat B and Dr. S Chidambara Raja

Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to find the effect of physical exercise and yoga practice on muscular endurance, self-confidence and blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic). For this purpose, forty five middle aged women of Kasargod town, Kerala, in the age group of 35 – 40 years were selected. They were divided into three equal groups (n = 15), each group consisted of fifteen subjects, in which group – I underwent physical exercise, group – II underwent yoga practice and group – III acted as control group who did not participate in any special training. The training period for this study was six days in a week for twelve weeks. Prior to and after the training period the subjects were tested for self-confidence and blood pressure (systolic and diastolic). Muscular endurance was assessed by administering sit-ups test, self-confidence was assessed by using Agnihotri self-confidence inventory (ASCI) and blood pressure was assessed by using sphygmomanometer respectively. The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to find out the significant difference if any, among the experimental groups and control group on selected criterion variables separately. Since there were three groups involved in this study the Scheffẻ' S test was used as pos-hoc test. It was concluded from the result of the study that the physical exercise and yoga practice has positively altered the criterion variables, such as, muscular endurance, self-confidence and blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic). The result of the study also shown that there was no significant difference occurred between the experimental groups, such as, physical exercise group and yoga practice group.

DOI: 10.22271/kheljournal.2021.v8.i4d.2179

Pages: 242-245  |  177 Views  9 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Shivaraya Bhat B, Dr. S Chidambara Raja. Effect of physical exercise and yoga practices on muscular endurance self-confidence and blood pressure. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2021;8(4):242-245. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/kheljournal.2021.v8.i4d.2179
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