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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.38

"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2021, Vol. 8, Issue 1, Part D

Body composition and somatotype profile of pre and post menarche stage of Bengali school girls

Author(s): Dr. Pintu Sil

Abstract: Menarche is the occurrence of a first menstrual period in the female adolescent. The average age of onset of menarche is 12.4 years. Menarche signals maturation of the adolescent female body. It commonly is associated with the ability to ovulate and reproduce. The purpose of the present study was to find out the changes on body composition, health status and somatotype of the girls before and after menarche stage and its comparison. A total of 100 girls in between the age of 11 to 15 years were selected randomly for this study. Among them 50 were in pre-menarche stage (Group-A) and rest 50 were in post-menarche stage (Group-B). Weight, Height, Body Mass Index (BMI), Chest, Waist and Hip circumference, WHR, PBF and Somatotype were considered as criterion measure in this study. Standard tools and instruments were used to collect data. Mean and standard deviation have been used as descriptive statistics and significance of difference between two group means was computed by using independent t-test. Only 0.01 level of significance was considered in this study. All statistical calculations have done by the standard statistical software. Present study found significantly higher mean value for height, weight, chest circumference, waist circumference and hip circumference among Gr-B than the Gr-A. Finding shows that all the anthropometric and body composition changes significantly among the girls reached after menarche stage. Present study have also revealed that both the pre and post menarche girls had ectomorph-endomorph body type but G2 group had significantly higher value of the endomorphy and mesomorphy than G1 group. From the findings it was concluded that the post menarche girls have higher amount of muscle and body fat than pre menarche girls.

Pages: 210-212  |  328 Views  2 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Pintu Sil. Body composition and somatotype profile of pre and post menarche stage of Bengali school girls. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2021;8(1):210-212.
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