"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"
2020, Vol. 7, Issue 5, Part F
Effect of physical activity program on health related physical fitness of intellectually disabled childrenAuthor(s):
Pawan Sharma and Dr. Ramneek JainAbstract:
Physical activity maintains our physiological functioning and shapes the anatomical structure of the human body, it is, thus, considered important for the intellectually disabled people. Various factors like rapid economic progress and development of automated technology have made our daily chores very easy. People have adopted westernized diet patterns and physical activity has lessened. Thus, physical activity can be considered as a therapy of physical human movements, unfortunately, physical activity is understood as a natural and basics of human body movements including the different skills, which helps human body to perform a specific task. The objective of the research was to determine the effects of Physical Activity Programme on health-related fitness of intellectually disabled children. The Brockport physical fitness test manual was implemented to conduct the study. For this study, two groups were formed i.e. the experimental and control group. Different variables of the health-related physical fitness i.e., aerobic functioning, body composition and musculoskeletal functioning were selected. Total 40 intellectually disabled children from Government Rehabilitation Institute of Intellectual Disabilities (GRIID) were determined as subjects through the purposive sampling technique. The students selected for the research were restricted to boys from the age group of thirteen to seventeen years suffering from one or other form of disability. They were divided equally into the two groups randomly. The objectives of the research were to study the impact of physical activity programme on dependant variables such as aerobic functioning, body composition or degree of body leanness or fatness, muscular strength, muscular endurance and flexibility or range of motion among intellectually disabled boys. Field experts and supervisors helped and guided in designing the physical activity programme which was implemented on the experimental group after a pre-test of both the groups, for complete twelve weeks. After its completion, the post-test was taken immediately. The significance of difference found in the pre-test and post-test mean score of each variable was evaluated using the paired „t‟ test. The significance of difference between pre-test and post-test mean score of the two groups was analyzed through independent t-test. The level of significance was set at 0.05 in order to find the dissimilarities, which could be considered significant. It was summarized that by implementing the physical activity programme, significant improvement was reported in the aerobic functioning, body composition and musculoskeletal functioning of boys with intellectual disability. With the help of physical activity programme and its findings, new innovative ideas can be formed in this field.Pages: 366-371 | 167 Views 13 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Pawan Sharma, Dr. Ramneek Jain. Effect of physical activity program on health related physical fitness of intellectually disabled children. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2020;7(5):366-371.