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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

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"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2020, Vol. 7, Issue 3, Part C

The effects of pre-competitive anxiety in men’s soccer referees of Greek super league and football league and in women’s referees of all categories


Author(s): Zisis Papanikolaou, Dimitrios Rousis and Mpriakos Athanasios

Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of competitive anxiety, in a game with great importance. The survey involved a total of 92 referees. Twenty-nine (n=29) from the Super League category, thirty-two (n=32) from the Football League category and thirty-one (n=31) women from national and local categories. The instrumentation used to evaluate the effect of competitive anxiety was a questionnaire that calculates the specific situation of sport anxiety scale. The questionnaire separates anxiety into three parts: cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and into one factor that correlates directly with anxiety and that is self-confidence. The results showed that men referees had less cognitive and somatic anxiety compared with women, in contrast to confidence which was higher in men than women.

Pages: 112-115  |  191 Views  24 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Zisis Papanikolaou, Dimitrios Rousis, Mpriakos Athanasios. The effects of pre-competitive anxiety in men’s soccer referees of Greek super league and football league and in women’s referees of all categories. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2020;7(3):112-115.
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