2019, Vol. 6, Issue 5, Part C
Success in endurance through nutritionAuthor(s):
Endurance sports are increasing in popularity and athletes at all levels are looking for ways to optimize their performance by training and nutrition. For endurance exercise lasting 30 min or more, the most likely contributors to fatigue are dehydration and carbohydrate depletion, whereas gastrointestinal problems, hyperthermia, and hypernatremia can reduce endurance exercise performance and are potentially health threatening, especially in longer events. Although high muscle glycogen concentrations at the start may be beneficial for endurance exercise, this does not necessarily have to be achieved by the traditional super compensation protocol. An individualized nutritional strategy can be developed that aims to deliver carbohydrate to the working muscle at a rate that is dependent on the absolute exercise intensity as well as the duration of the event. Endurance athletes should attempt to minimize dehydration and limit body mass losses through sweating to 2-3% of body mass. Gastrointestinal problems occur frequently, especially in long distance races. Problems seems to be highly individual and perhaps genetically determined, but may also be related to the intake of highly concentrated carbohydrate solutions, hyperosmotic drinks, as well as the intake of fiber, fat and protein. Here I provide a comprehensive overview of recent research findings and suggest several new guidelines for the endurance athlete on the basis of this.Pages: 146-147 | 618 Views 30 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Alex M. Success in endurance through nutrition. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2019;6(5):146-147.