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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.38

2018, Vol. 5, Issue 5, Part A

The science behind strength training

Author(s): Dr. Shyam Sundar Rath

Strength training is a type of physical exercise specializing in the use of resistance to induce muscular contraction which builds the anaerobic endurance, size of skeletal muscles and strength. Sports with strength training as the central object are body building, weight lifting, power lifting, shot put, discus, hammer, javelin throw and wrestling etc. Since strength is an important component of motor fitness or performance related fitness, almost all sports use strength training as a part of their training regimen. The players of lawn tennis, rugby, rowing, hockey, soccer, judo, basketball, volleyball and all athletes are involved strength training in their periodisation of training. The terms weight training and resistance training are also called strength training and used synonymously by coaches and trainers for the development of strength. Resistance training is any exercise that causes the muscles to contract against an external resistance with the expectation of an increase in strength, tone, mass and muscular endurance. The external resistance can be dumbbells, free weights, rubber bands, your own body weight etc. Weight training is also performed through barbell with weight plates, single station weight machines, multi gym, dumbbells etc. The athlete should follow the basic law and principle of strength training before starting strength training. He must understand the types of muscle contractions and how muscles work together at the time of joint movement. This is the main objectives of this topic.

Pages: 37-40  |  1104 Views  258 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Shyam Sundar Rath. The science behind strength training. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2018;5(5):37-40.
International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health

International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health

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