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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

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"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2017, Vol. 4, Issue 3, Part D

A comparative study of mental toughness and aggression among para-swimmers and para-athletes


Author(s): Vijender Rathi and Dr. Poonam Singh

Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to compare the mental toughness and aggression between national level Para-swimmers and Para-Athletes. The study was conducted on selected 30 Para-Swimmers and 30 Para-Athletes. Their age ranging from 20 - 25 years. Questionnaires were used as a tool to find out the mental toughness. Dr. Alan Goldberg’s modified questionnaire and sports aggression inventory standardized by Anand Kumar and P.S. Shukla, were selected and used for the study. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant difference between the national level Para-swimmers and Para-Athletes. The„ ANOVA was employed to compare the degree of mental toughness and aggression between national level Para-swimmers and Para-Athletes. The level of significance for testing the hypothesis was set at 0.05 level of confidence. There was no significant difference found between Para-swimmers and Para-Athletes.

Pages: 217-220  |  533 Views  18 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Vijender Rathi, Dr. Poonam Singh. A comparative study of mental toughness and aggression among para-swimmers and para-athletes. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2017;4(3):217-220.
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