2016, Vol. 3, Issue 6, Part H
The effect of tens and incentive spirometer on lung function in subjects following upper abdominal surgeryAuthor(s):
Sudhakara PM and Rachana Shetty BVAbstract: Objective:
The objective of this study is to find out the effect of Transcutaneous Electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and Incentive spirometer following upper abdominal surgery on pain and lung function. As post-surgical dysfunction of the respiratory muscles leads to reduction in the vital capacity, tidal volume, total lung capacity and thus insufficient cough. This may cause atelectasis in the basal lung segments and a decrease in functional residual capacity, which in turn leads to ventilation / perfusion (v/q) mismatch.
Methodology: 40 patients following upper abdominal surgery was selected from Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Institute. Routine chest physiotherapy including deep breathing exercises and Incentive spirometer was used following TENS near incision site. Peak expiratory flow rate and thoracic excursion measurements and VAS score of all the subjects were recorded on 1st, 5th and 7th post-operative day.
Result: Results of the study showed statistically significant improvement (p<0.001) in PEFR and Thoracic Excursion measurement from 1st to 7th day following the intervention. Conclusion: The significant improvement in PEFR and Thoracic excursion measurements observed in the subjects showed that TENS and Incentive spirometer is effective in physical therapy intervention to reduce incisional pain and improve lung volumes due to increased neurological arousal and a greater stimulus to deeper breath. Pages: 455-459 | 1155 Views 22 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Sudhakara PM, Rachana Shetty BV. The effect of tens and incentive spirometer on lung function in subjects following upper abdominal surgery. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2016;3(6):455-459.