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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.38

"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2016, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Part G

Exercise induced T cell variation in an air polluted area: A case study


Author(s): Aparup Konar and Samiran Mondal

Abstract: Objectives: The mechanism of regular exercise to the magnitude of the T cell response exposed by air pollution is not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate specific immune response to regular exercise in an air polluted area.
Design: School children randomly selected and participated in this study. Exercise subject regularly took part in their physical education curriculum activities like athletics, football, volleyball, yogasanas etc. and control subject was non regular participant of physical activities.
Methods: A highly air polluted zone of Durgapur, Burdwan, West Bengal, India was selected for this study. Regular habit of exercise subject (ES) [n=01] and control subject (CS) [n = 01] aged 14 years male chosen from the same area. T-lymphocyte subsets enumeration of absolute cell counts: T- lymphocyte (CD3+); T- helper (CD4+); T-cytotoxic / killer (CD8+) and relative or percent cell counts: T- lymphocyte (%CD3+/CD45+); T-helper (%CD3+/CD4+); T-cytotoxic / killer (%CD3+/CD8+) and CD4/CD8 ratio were examined.
Results: Absolute cell counts: T- lymphocyte (CD3+); T-helper (CD4+) & T-cytotoxic / killer (CD8+) of exercise subject was higher than the control subject and the control subject was below the reference range. The mean value of relative or percent cell counts: T- lymphocyte (%CD3+/CD45+); T-helper (%CD3+/CD4+) & T-cytotoxic / killer (%CD3+/CD8+) of regular exercise subject and control subjects were within the reference range and the CD4/CD8 ratio of exercise subject was lower than control subject & below the reference level.
Conclusions: In high ambient air polluted area regular exercise may impress the development of specific immune health which has been suggested as a possible biologic medicinal mechanism to counter the adverse air pollution effect on health.


Pages: 618-621  |  925 Views  18 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Aparup Konar, Samiran Mondal. Exercise induced T cell variation in an air polluted area: A case study. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2016;3(3):618-621.
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