2016, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part F
Effect of doping on sports performanceAuthor(s):
Dr. Amandeep SinghAbstract:
Doping in sport is a widespread problem not just among elite athletes, but even more so in recreational sports. In scientific literature, major emphasis is placed on doping detection, whereas detrimental effects of doping agents on athlete’s health are seldom discussed. Androgenic anabolic steroids are well known for their positive effects on muscle mass and strength. Human growth hormone also increases muscle mass, although majority of that is increase in extracellular fluid and not the functional muscle mass. In recreational athletes, growth hormone does not have major effect on muscle strength, power or aerobic capacity, but stimulates anaerobic exercise capacity.
Erythropoietin administration increases oxygen carrying capacity of blood improving endurance measures, whereas systematic administration of beta-adrenergic agonist may have positive effect on sprint capacity, and beta-adrenergic antagonists reduce muscle tremor. Thus, there are certain drugs that can improve selective aspects of physical performance. However, most of the doping agents exert serious side of effects, especially when used in combination, at high doses, and for long duration. Pages: 393-395 | 699 Views 60 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Dr. Amandeep Singh. Effect of doping on sports performance. Int J Phys Educ Sports Health 2016;3(1):393-395.