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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.38

"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2020, Vol. 7, Issue 3, Part E

Physical activity level and nutritional status associated with screen habits of students living in Brazil


Author(s): Erivelton Fernandes França, Michel Monteiro Macedo, Fernando Francisco Pazello Mafra, Gabrielle Mitico Miyake, Romildo Torres da Silva, Tania Regina de França, Thyago Ribeiro dos Santos, João Pedro da Silva Junior, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo, Nelson Morini Junior, Eduardo Natali Della Valentina, Anselmo da Silva, Fábio Dupart Nascimento and Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes Martins

Abstract: Purpose: Physical activity level and nutritional status associated with screen habits of students living in Brazil.
Methods: The sample consisted of 577 students (female = 274, male = 303) aged 10 to 16 years, enrolled in 6th year of elementary school in state public schools. The usual practice of physical activity was assessed through the application of the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children/Adolescent. The nutritional status was verified by BMI. Already the screen habits were verified through a questionnaire previously structured by the researchers.
Results: Approximately 80% of students use screen more than 2 hours daily and majority, ~90%, use more than one screen. The cellphone screen was type most used ~44% and, ~84% of students use the screens for entertainment. The X² test showed that boys use more video games than girls (p≤0,01), and girls use more for communication purposes when compared to boys (p≤0,01). The physical activity level was significantly higher in male group (p≤0,01). Approximately 70% of students are physically inactive and the number classified as very sedentary is proportionally higher in the female group (p≤0,01). Almost 30% of students are overweight for their age and height. Finally, physical activity level and nutritional status were not shown associated with screen habits.
Conclusion: High prevalence of excessive screen time and a representative number of physically inactive and overweight schoolchildren were observed. Also, the screen habits between the genders are distinct and it was not associated with level habitual physical activity level and the nutritional state.


Pages: 248-253  |  78 Views  8 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Erivelton Fernandes França, Michel Monteiro Macedo, Fernando Francisco Pazello Mafra, Gabrielle Mitico Miyake, Romildo Torres da Silva, Tania Regina de França, Thyago Ribeiro dos Santos, João Pedro da Silva Junior, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo, Nelson Morini Junior, Eduardo Natali Della Valentina, Anselmo da Silva, Fábio Dupart Nascimento and Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes Martins. Physical activity level and nutritional status associated with screen habits of students living in Brazil. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 2020; 7(3): 248-253.
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