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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.38

"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2018, Vol. 5, Issue 6, Part B

Research on table tennis players cardio-respiratory endurance


Author(s): Shiv Kumar

Abstract: The circulatory organ ability of the high level is needed so that the table tennis player may play for 30 minutes or more. The evaluation of player's circulatory organ ability is possible from the measurement of the maximal oxygen consumption under the maximal effort. 5 players who belongs to the STAG – Table Tennis Academy participated in this experiment 5 players are high-ranking players who represented INDIA at international level.K4B2 which is a portable oxygen consumption measurement machine analyzes a player's exhalation, and has the function to transmit the result to a personal computer. The players hit the ball by forehand continuously for 1 minute. This experiment was done by three conditions, namely, mild hitting, topspin and smash. Additionally, between each test, they sat on the chair for 2 minutes rest. Player hit the ball until exhaustion continuously in smash condition. After this experiment, oxygen consumption was measured until the heart rate decreased to 100 beats per minute. Players showed maximal oxygen consumption (ml/min/kg) in smash condition. When a hit ball was continuously carried out until it was completely exhausted by the forehand smash, the player’s maximal oxygen uptake and a maximal heart rate showed maximal.
Moreover, the analysis from the viewpoint whether the energy efficiency of moving is high becomes important as for the evaluation of ability of player. The cardio-respiratory endurance of the high level is needed so that the table tennis player may play for 30 minutes or more. The evaluation of player's cardio -respiratory endurance is possible from the measurement of the oxygen uptake. The players are evaluated from the measurement result of the oxygen uptake during the maximum effort. Subjects are five players who belong to the Stag table tennis academy, representing at international level. K4B2 which is a portable oxygen uptake measurement machine analyzes a player's expiration, and has the function to transmit the result to a personal computer. The players hit the ball by forehand long (L), a forehand drive (D), and the forehand smash (S) continuously for 1 minute, respectively. In addition, between each trial, it sat on the chair for 2 minutes rest (R). Only in the forehand smash, the continuation hit the ball was performed to complete exhaustion. Rest was taken from the moment of being completely exhausted, and oxygen uptake was measured until the heart rate decreased to 100 beats per minute. Under the conditions which carry out hitting the ball by forehand smash, a player's oxygen uptake (ml/min/kg) showed maximal. Under the conditions which carry out a hit ball by forehand smash, several players' oxygen uptake (ml/min/kg) showed maximal. When a hit ball was continuously carried out until it was completely exhausted by the forehand smash, the player’s maximal oxygen uptake and a maximal heart rate showed maximal. Moreover, the analysis from the viewpoint whether the energy efficiency of moving is high becomes important as for the evaluation of ability of player.


Pages: 97-99  |  261 Views  11 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Shiv Kumar. Research on table tennis players cardio-respiratory endurance. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 2018; 5(6): 97-99.
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