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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

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"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2018, Vol. 5, Issue 4, Part A

A study on the effectiveness of the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and stump exercises versus ultrasound therapy and stump exercises in the treatment of phantom limb pain in below knee amputation


Author(s): Veena J, R Balasarvanan and Dr. Shivakumar

Abstract: Background and Objectives: Below knee amputation is the surgical removal of lower limb segment in which the bone division performed a few centimeters distal to the tibial tuberosity. Phantom Limb Pain is painful sensation in the absent limb which affects 60% - 80% in Amputees. PLP described as shooting, stabbing, squeezing, throbbing and burning pain was assessed using VAS, WOMAC and Short form of McGill Pain Questionnaire. There are many types of treatment for PLP which includes medical, psychological and physiotherapy treatments which includes US Therapy, TENS, etc.
Methods: The study included 40 patients (n=40) between 30 – 60 years of age which fulfilled the Inclusion Criteria and thereby was randomly assigned into two groups, 20 in each group through Random Sampling Method. Group I were treated with TENS and SE and Group II were treated with UST and SE.
Results: The result of the study was assessed using Visual Analogue Scale, Questionnaire Scoring and Present Pain Index of Short Form of McGill Pain Questionnaire to measure the prognosis of the pain intensity in the treatment of phantom limb pain in below knee amputees. The mean score of VAS for TENS and SE group compared between before treatment with p > 0.861 and after treatment with p < 0.002, the mean score of QS before treatment with p > 0.603 and after treatment with p < 0.021. The mean score of VAS for UST and SE group compared between before treatment with p > 0.861 and after treatment with p < 0.002, the mean score of QS before treatment with p > 0.603 and after treatment with p < 0.021.
Conclusion: Both groups of patients showed significant improvement in the treatment, wherein the group involving TENS and Stump exercises showed a marked improvement when compared to US therapy and Stump Exercise at the end of the 15th Session.


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How to cite this article:
Veena J, R Balasarvanan and Dr. Shivakumar. A study on the effectiveness of the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and stump exercises versus ultrasound therapy and stump exercises in the treatment of phantom limb pain in below knee amputation. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 2018; 5(4): 01-05.
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