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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

Impact Factor (RJIF): 5.38

"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2017, Vol. 4, Issue 4, Part G

Effect of Kalaripayattu on physical fitness variables among college students


Author(s): Sreenath S

Abstract:
Objectives: To assess the characteristic effects of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) exercise on metabolism and cardio respiratory response, and to measure its effect on cardio respiratory function, mental control, immune capacity, and the prevention of falls in elderly people. Design: A review of controlled experimental studies and clinical trials designed with one of two aims: either to assess physiological responses during the performance of TCC or to assess the impact of this exercise on general health and fitness. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Metabolic rate, heart rate, blood pressure, ventilation, maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)MAX), immune capacity, falls, and fall related factors. Subjects: A total of 2216 men and women. Results: Under review were 31 original studies, published in Chinese or English journals, that met the criteria for inclusion. Most of the papers written in Chinese had not been introduced into the Western literature. Nine of these studies showed that TCC can be classified as moderate exercise, as its does not demand more than 55% of maximal oxygen intake. When this form of exercise and others conducted at equal intensity were compared, TCC showed a significantly lower ventilatory equivalent (VE/VO(2)MAX). Evidence provided by cross sectional and longitudinal studies suggests that TCC exercise has beneficial effects on cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal function, posture control capacity, and the reduction of falls experienced by the elderly. Conclusions: TCC is a moderate intensity exercise that is beneficial to cardiorespiratory function, immune capacity, mental control, flexibility, andbalance control; it improves muscle strength and reduces the risk of falls in the elderly. Caldwell K, Harrison M, Adams M, Triplett NT. et al; conducted a study on Effect of Pilates and taiji quan training on self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of collegestudents. Abstract: Methods of exercise such as Pilates and taiji quan, which have been shown to have beneficial effects on physical and mental characteristics, have been studied more often in samples of older participants. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a semester of either Pilates or taiji quan training on perceived self-efficacy, sleep quality and mood, as well as strength and balance in college-age individuals. Self-efficacy was found to be improved in the Pilates and taiji quan groups and there was a trend towards improvement in sleep quality. Mood was found to be improved significantly in the Pilates group while the taiji group showed a trend towards improvement. There were no changes or group differences in the strength or balance measures. Pilates and taiji quan are effective exercise modes to improve mental parameters in college-age individuals.

Pages: 395-401  |  418 Views  16 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Sreenath S. Effect of Kalaripayattu on physical fitness variables among college students. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 2017; 4(4): 395-401.
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