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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

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"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2016, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part E

The effect of cold water immersion cryotherapy on normal ankle joint position sense in young adults among AMU students


Author(s): Rajan Balakrishnan, William Charles

Abstract: Purpose ofrnstudy: To determine whether thernfifteen-minute water immersion treatment affects the normal ankle jointrnposition sense (JPS) at the middle range of dorsiflexion and plantar flexionrnactively.
Objective: Significant or nornsignificant finding on using the water immersion cryotherapy treatment forrn15minutes would affect the normal ankle joint position sense.
Study design: Research Design:rnExperimental, Sampling: Purposive sampling through questionnaire.
Materialrnand method:
Subjects:rnTwenty healthy volunteer’s participant in the experiment. All subjects selectedrnaccording to their dominant leg (The dominant leg was defined as the leg thatrnthe subject would choose to kick a ball), as the treatment leg in this study. Subjectsrnwere excluded if they had special disease as diabetes, musculoskeletal diseasernand history of fracture or other orthopedic problems. Instruments: Firstly, skin surface temperature was measured byrnusing a Liquid Crystal Body Temperature with contact the body surface. Therntemperature of the cold water was also closely monitored with a batteryrnoperated by Aqua Digital thermometer. The digital thermometer submissivelyrnattached to the end and was accurately control the temperature at (18±1°C)rnusing ice. Ankle JPS was measured using a pedal goniometry consisting of fourrnparts a pedal with two clamps and pointer or a back piece with a protractor orrna leg fixator and a metal base. Information such as age, weight and height werernrecorded in a questionnaire.
Statisticalrnanalysis used: Paired t-test used to calculate the Joint Position Sense (JPS) ROM andrnTemperature by using SPSS 16.0.
Results: The result show significantrnchanges on the Joint Position Sense and Temperature 15 minutes after the coldrnwater immersion therapy. The result analysis was taken into 3 stages which isrnBefore, After & 15 minutes after cold water immersion. All the result basedrnon the performance of the volunteers regarding the effect of the cold waterrnimmersion which divided into 2 groups by gathering the data collection ofrnactive plantar flexion and dorsi flexion for JPS and Temperature. The resultrnhas been analyzed by using the paired T-Test to be more accurate in for eachrngroup by avoiding any miscalculation. All the data as stated into table thatrnpresented below from table 3, 4 and 5.
Conclusion: These findings suggest thatrna 15-minute cryotherapy (18±1°C) is deleterious to JPS and alteration of therntemperature at the same time it can’t be safely used at the range of (18±1°C)rnfor physical treatment or physiotherapy management this to avoid furtherrncomplication.

Pages: 293-298  |  855 Views  25 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Rajan Balakrishnan, William Charles. The effect of cold water immersion cryotherapy on normal ankle joint position sense in young adults among AMU students. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 2016; 3(1): 293-298.
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