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International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health
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P-ISSN: 2394-1685 | E-ISSN: 2394-1693 | CODEN: IJPEJB

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"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"

2015, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part D

Comparison of attentional styles and anxiety levels of higher and lower rated male and female referees of women’s soccer


Author(s): Zisis Papanikolaou, Konstantinos Stamelos, Eirini Iliopoulou, Dimitrios Nikolaidis

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify and compare attentional styles and anxiety levels of high and low rated male and female referees of women’s soccer. The subjects involved in the study were currently rated referees of the Hellenic Soccer Association during the season 2011-2012. Rating levels ranged from apprentice to national. Four distinct groups were established: males, females, high rated and low rated. All subjects were speakers of English. They completed a questionnaire which was a composite of two tests: (a) Nideffer’s Test of Attentional and Interpersonal Style (T.A.I.S.), (b) Spielberger’s State – Trait Anxiety Inventors (S.T.A.I.). From the six attentional style variables assessed using the TAIS (OIT, OET, BET, BIT, NAR, and RED) the narrow effective attentional focus (NAR) was the only variable having a level of difference high enough to be statistically significant. In anxiety levels of male and female soccer referees, no significant differences have been found.

Pages: 204-208  |  985 Views  19 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Zisis Papanikolaou, Konstantinos Stamelos, Eirini Iliopoulou, Dimitrios Nikolaidis. Comparison of attentional styles and anxiety levels of higher and lower rated male and female referees of women’s soccer. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 2015; 2(1): 204-208.
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