"International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health"
2015, Vol. 1, Issue 6, Part A
Prevalence of Functional Ankle Instability and Its Association with risk factors In Basketball Players of PunjabAuthor(s):
Jyotsana Mehta, AGK SinhaAbstract:
Background: Ankle injuries are the most common injuries in the game of basketball with high rate of recurrence owing to development of subsequent functional ankle instability (FAI). The prevalence of Functional Ankle Instability following ankle sprain in Indian basketball players is not reported. rnObjective: The aim of this study was to determine the Prevalence of FAI and examine its Association with extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors in Basketball Players of Punjab.rnMethods: Sample of this survey comprised of 213 (M-112, F-101) basketball players of age group 17-25 years (mean age = M-20.85±2.10, F-20.35±2.15). Scheduled interview and measurement of Evertor – Invertor strength by strain gauze and range of motion by universal goniometer was the tool of data collection. Presence of FAI was determined by Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) Score using the score of 28 and below as cutoff point for ankle instability. Cross tabulation with chi square and t-test were the tools for statistical analysis. rnResults: The prevalence of functional ankle instability (FAI) was 57.74%. Players with FAI had significantly less evertor strength (t-2.03) and decreased range of motion of inversion (t-3.00). History of previous ankle sprain (OR-0.062) inadequate treatment (OR-8.61) and irregular stretching during warm up (OR-2.03) were the risk factors significantly associated with FAI.rnConclusion: Prevalence of FAI among basketball players is high. History of recurrent ankle sprain, poor evertor strength, decreased range of inversion and inadequate physiotherapy has emerged as the major risk factors of FAI. These deficits could be corrected by designing exercise program emphasising on evertor strengthening, proprioceptive training as well as range of motion exercises for ankle joint.Pages: 03-07 | 886 Views 8 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Jyotsana Mehta, AGK Sinha. Prevalence of Functional Ankle Instability and Its Association with risk factors In Basketball Players of Punjab. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 2015; 1(6): 03-07.